Lack of living and agricultural space has forced humans to think out of the box. If you can’t expand space horizontally, then do so vertically. This is the basis behind vertical farming. While never applied in reality, the concept seems to have caught on owing to its capacity to engage in agriculture on a large scale while still preserving land area that could be put to use for housing or other infrastructural purposes. Agriculture 2.0 is a concept by Appareil that seeks to bring farming to congested urban areas. It can be applied in any city though certain parameters for construction will have to be changed depending on where it is being established.
According to Appareil, the concept can be realized taking into consideration three values – a city’s climatic conditions, land area that can be allocated, and the specific site for the building. Agriculture 2.0 has a support structure that allows plant incubators to travel the height of the building. The incubators are closed pools measuring 4 to 8 square meters that contain a controlled environment which regulates sunlight, collects rainwater, and monitors temperature and carbon dioxide concentration.
Though the farm can cater to the needs of a city’s food demands, not all crops can be grown. Those that can include lightweights like eggplants, tomatoes, lettuce and peppers. Appareil claims that a single tower can produce as much as 42 kg of vegetables in a single day. That is enough to feed residents of a 1.5-square kilometer area.
So, if a sufficient number of vertical farms can be constructed in a city, it will negate the need for sourcing foodstuffs from rural areas that need to be transported over long distances. This will cut back on fuel consumption and will see foodstuffs being sold at cheaper prices as well as helping keep down pollution levels generated by transportation.